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Kharga Oasis

Kharga Oasis

Kharga Oasis

is located in the south-western part of Egypt in the Libyan Desert. This oasis is one of the most developed in the Western Desert; it has a population of approximately 100,000 inhabitants, most of whom are descendants of an ancient nomadic tribe.

Kharga has not seen any rain in 20 years. Its climate is similar to that of the rest of the desert region in Egypt hot summers and mild winters. Nights are pleasant even during summers, while in winters, nights can get quite chilly.

A caravan route, known as the 40 Days Road, connecting Sudan and Egypt, used to pass through this region. It was a popular route for traders and merchants, and thus, the region flourished. The Romans built a chain of fortresses to protect Kharga from invaders.

"Al Waha al Kharga" is the capital of the New Valley governorate, it is the southernmost of Egypt’s oases and it is located 200 km of the Nile valley and 232 km. south of Assyut. It is characterized by its numerous monuments, springs and tourist sites such as the ponds of fish in Bulaq Village. The area enjoys a mixture of desert environment next to green plains, wells of fresh water and springs of mineral water, suitable for the treatment of rheumatic and digestive ailments, colds and allergies. The oases are famous for their dry climate, humidity never exceeds 9.5%. As other oases, Kharga was a crossroad of caravan routes crossing the barren desert. This is evident in the presence of fortresses such as Darb el Arabian which was constructed to protect the caravans crossing the western desert to Sudan. Most of the sites in the Oasis are well preserved. Nowadays the Oasis is linked with other Egyptian governorates with a well functioning road networks. The New Valley airport is located in El Kharga oasis. Although of numerous developments only 150,000 people reside in Kharga with a population density of 0.004% per sq. km.

The Temple of Hibis

The temple is situated two km north of the town of Kharga. The structure, dedicated to god Amun, was built by the Persian emperor Darius I in the 6th century BC. Is one of the largest and best examples of Persian architecture in the country; the carvings on the walls have been well preserved.

Cemetery of Al-Bagawat

One km away from the temple of Hibis. Most of the several hundred mud brick tombs in this Christian cemetery date back to the 4th and 6th century AD. The Necropolis of al-Bagawat contains 263 mud-brick chapels with Coptic murals, including the Chapel of Peace with images of Adam and Eve and the Ark on its dome and the Chapel of the Exodus with frescoes of pharaonic troops pursuing the Jews, led by Moses, out of Egypt.

Temple of Al-Ghuwaytah

About 20 km south of Kharga and a few km to the east of the Paris road, are the remains of Al-Ghuwaytah, a temple from the 25th dynasty, dedicated to the gods Amun and Mut. The temple stands on a round hilltop surrounded by fortified villages.

Ed Deir

Ed Deir is one of the many fortresses in the oasis consisting of many towers join         t by galleries; some of the graffiti on its walls is many centuries old.

Qasr el Labeka

Qasr el Labeka are deep into the desert and are accessed by crossing several hills of sand dunes.

Qasr El Zayan:

Several guide books rate Qasr el-Zayan fortress as in a very ruinous state. This isn't entirely true, walls stand high, the center of the temple is almost intact, and the setting is great. The main drawback is the original small size; you can cover it all in 5 minutes.

Springs of Bulaq and Nasser

The thermal springs at Bulaq and Nasser villages, to the south, are famous for water temperatures of up to 43° C and reputed to be suitable for the treatment of rheumatism and allergies.

Paris Oasis: (Temple of Dush)

Located 90 km. south of Kharga, it houses the Roman Temple of Dush dedicated to the God Serapis. Its name derives from Kush, the ancient Sudanese capital which traded with Egypt along the Nile. Archeologists are still unearthing the ancient city of Kysis with which the temple is associated; an elaborate system of clay pipes and an abandoned Christian church, suggest that Kysis was abandoned when its underground springs dried up but the exact date remains a mystery. There is also a mud-brick Turkish fortress, an ancient church and some pottery dating to the Coptic.

 

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